What is the meaning of the word: Sikh, Guru, Gurbani, Shabad

What are the Meanings of the Words: Sikh, Guru, Gurbani, Shabad, Gurdwara and Langar?
Ans: Sikh:
A follower of Sikhism; a Student of Spirituality.
Sikh is a Word derived from Sanskrit as Shishya. Literally translated, Shishya means Disciple or Student. In  Sikh Faith, the Word Sikh means Someone who strives to learn about God, is a Seeker of God and Divine Truth and Someone who follows Gurbani to achieve such Goals.

Guru: A Spiritual Leader sent by God.
The Word Guru is combination of Two small Words Gu and Ru. Gu means Darkness and Ru means Light. Literally translated, Guru means “The Light that dispels darkness”. The Guru is a highly Spiritual Teacher who has been sent to Earth by God to enlighten People. The Guru is in direct Communion with God and it is through the Guru, that Sikhs come to know about God. There were 10 Living Sikh Gurus in Human Form, who delivered  Knowledge of God to the People. The Sikh Gurus provided Guidance for about 240 years. They taught the basic values of Freedom, Brotherhood, Charity, Obedience, Understanding, Sympathy, Patience, Humility, Simplicity, Piety and outlined the Path to Spirituality in Life. Eternal Guruship (Spiritual and Temporal Authority) in the Sikh Faith is now vested with Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh Sacred Scripture). It is from the Guru Granth Sahib that Sikhs receive Guidance for Life and even Temporal Authority.

Gurbani: Sikh scripture; ordained by the Guru.
Gur means Guru and bani means speech. Therefore Gurbani means the speech of the Gurus. The Sikh Gurus wrote their teachings in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. This compilation of writing is called Gurbani. Gurbani must be treated with great respect.

Shabad:
a hymn of the Guru Granth Sahib or other Sikh scriptures.
The word shabad is generally used to denote any single hymn from the Guru Granth Sahib or more abstractly the command of God. Shabads are sung in the Gurdwara and in holy congregations to praise God.

Gurdwara:
Sikh place of worship; house of God.
The Gurdwara is a Sikh place of worship. Gurdwara is a compound word created by combining Gur for Guru and Dwara meaning door or house. Thus the word Gurdwara means the door or house of the Guru. The Guru Granth Sahib is always present at a Gurdwara as well as a Nishan Sahib (the Sikh flag – orange in color with the Sikh insignia – the Khanda).

Langar: Free community kitchen in every Gurdwara.
Langar is a free food service provided in every Gurdwara Sahib. Begun by Guru Angad Dev Ji in the sixteenth century and given the synonym ‘pangat’, the traditional practice of langar is two-fold. The food is preparation by members of the sangat (congregation) and then consumed by them and those in need of a good meal. While eating, the sangat sits together on the ground and enjoys the prepared food. This act, of sitting together on the floor, is representative of pridelessness and an expression of human equality. With the original purpose of the langar being to both, help feed the hungry and eliminate the stigmas placed in peoples’ minds by the Hindu caste system, (ultimately looking upon all human race as equal), this practice created a new means of viewing society through a universal looking glass.

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